There are quite a few things a newborn kitten will require in their first year, especially if their mother is not present. Here, our Dallas vets discuss how to take care of a newborn kitten, and when it is time to take them to the vet.
Caring for a Newborn Kitten
Kittens are adorable and lovable additions to a family, however, they do require certain love and care. These needs are different for each stage of their life, and if something goes wrong or is missed it can impact their overall health and longevity. Here we talk about how you can care for your new furry friend during their kitten years.
When a kitten is 0 - 4 weeks old they are considered a newborn, they are still learning how to walk, meow, and regulate their body temperature. If they have a mother, their mother will be capable of doing a lot of the work including feeding. All you would have to do is make sure the mother is in good health and that they are in a warm and safe environment.
If the kitten does not have a mother, the first thing you should do is take them to see a vet. Your veterinarian will be able to determine the health of the kitten and inform you of their requirements and the following steps you should take.
Keep Your Kitten Warm
If the kitten doesn't have a mother you will have to do more to help keep them warm by using something such as putting a heating disk in the crate or putting a heating pad on low heat underneath a blanket in their cage. You should also make a little nest out of blankets for the kitten to lay in for warmth and comfort. Ensure that the heating pad isn't too hot by touching it with your hand. Also, provide a comfortable place in your kitten's cage/crate that does not have a heating element so they can go there if they get too warm.
You should continue to provide your kitten with a heating source until they are about 6 weeks old because if kittens get too cold they will catch hypothermia, for this reason, their area should be kept at 85 degrees Fahrenheit or 29 degrees Celcius.
Feeding Your Newborn Kitten
Another thing you will have to do for a newborn kitten without a mother is to feed them and provide them with proper nutrition. You will have to bottle feed your kitten a kitten-specific formula every 2-4 hours. Every kitten is different, your veterinarian will be able to inform you of the best formula to use, how much to feed them, and how frequently you should be feeding your kitten.
For kittens to grow healthily, they will need to gain approximately ½ ounce (14 grams) per day or 4 ounces (113 grams) a week. Never give your cat cow milk and always make sure you are feeding them the same formula consistently. Your kitten's food will have to be kept warm for them to digest it properly.
As Your Kitten Grows Older
When your kitten is around 6 to 10 weeks old they should gradually stop being bottle fed or fed by their mothers and start eating high protein meals 3 to 4 times a day. You can start this by pouring the formula into a food bowl and possibly adding a bit of softened hard food or canned soft food to help ease them in the process.
Since their motor skills will be improving at this stage, they will start becoming adventurous and you will have to keep a close eye on them to make sure they stay out of trouble. They will require a lot of supervision and hands-on bonding playtime as they are between 2 -4 months old.
Your kitten will start entering their adolescent days when they are 4 - 6 months old. This is when they are generally very troublesome and might require some behavioral modification, this is also when you should start considering having them spayed or neutered before they reach the 6 - 8 month mark.
Preventive Care for Your Kitten
No matter how old your kitten is you should take them for their first veterinary appointment during the first week they are in your care. Your veterinarian will evaluate the health of your kitten as well as inform you of their dietary needs. This also provides you with the opportunity to ask any questions you may have regarding the care of your new family member.
Making sure your kitten gets routine preventive care is essential, including wellness exams, routine vaccinations, and parasite prevention.
Regular wellness exams allow your vet to assess the overall health and well-being of your kitten including their dietary requirements. Your vet will also be able to detect any diseases early before they become severe when they are easier and more affordable to treat.
You also need to make sure your kitten gets all of its vaccinations and parasite prevention on schedule. Your kitten should come in for their first round of shots when they are 6 to 8 weeks old, and you should have them spayed or neutered when they are 5 to 6 months old. This prevents any serious diseases or conditions from arising in the first place.
What Can Go Wrong
When caring for a kitten there are many things you need to keep an eye out for in every stage of your kitten's life, which could indicate a problem or even a veterinary emergency. If you see your kitten displaying any of the following signs call your vet immediately to schedule an appointment.
Here are some things to keep an eye out for in a newborn kitten:
- Refusing food (especially if being bottle-fed)
- Delays or difficulties in motor skills or coordination
When your kitten is 4 weeks old or older you still need to keep an eye out for the signs above in addition to these behavioral signs:
- Signs of play biting or aggression
- Litter box usage/ not using the litter box
- Fears and other concerning behaviors that should be managed when they are still young